Oil is trying to recover after yesterday’s shellacking, but oversupply fears still remain. As rumors and murmurs circulate about an extension to the OPEC production cut, hark, here are five things to consider in oil markets today:
1) Yesterday we mentioned how we’re seeing a strong influx of arrivals into the U.S. Gulf Coast from the Middle East this week (something we originally alluded to last month). This is in response to an increase in March loadings heading to the U.S., after Middle East producers favored sending crude to Asia in January and February.
That said, while we are seeing increasing arrivals into the U.S. Gulf, it may not necessarily translate to higher imports this week. After reaching its lowest point since last September early last week, crude waiting offshore in the U.S. Gulf has been rising, up over 9 million barrels in the last ten days:
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2) We’ve discussed recently here how more Latin American and West African barrels have been heading towards Asia, pulled by favorable price spreads (i.e., Brent and WTI versus the Dubai-Oman benchmark). It is important to remember, however, that crude flows do come in the other direction.
As our ClipperData illustrate below, the U.S. receives on average one and a half million barrels each month from Southeast Asia, with the majority of this coming from Indonesia (and light sweet Minas crude at that). We also see grades from Vietnam, Malaysia and Thailand, which – along with the Indonesian grades – generally all head to the Hawaiian Islands.
We do occasionally see some Southeast Asian barrels arrive on the West Coast, however. For example, Kutubu blend from Papua New Guinea was discharged at BP’s Ferndale refinery this month. This is the first arrival of the light crude grade to U.S. shores on our records.
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3) The chart below is from this Bloomberg article, which endorses our well-worn mantra that OPEC members had the ‘pedal to the metal‘ at the end of last year: they exported as much as they possibly could. Hence, all of the cartel’s efforts in the first half of this year is being spent unwinding the impact of that exuberance.
Bloomberg uses the IEA’s supply and demand projections to highlight that it will take until the end of June for OPEC production cuts to bring stockpiles back in line with December’s level. This will leave inventories still some 200 million barrels above the 5-year average, leaving OPEC a lot of work still to do to achieve their goal. From this data point alone, it seems fair to assume that OPEC will roll over their production cut deal into the second half of the year.
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4) The latest drilling productivity report from the EIA was particularly interesting due to its latest data on drilled but uncompleted wells (DUCs, quack). Not only are we seeing DUCs rise to a new record in the Permian Basin (hark, up 90 – or 5 percent – to 1864 wells), but Eagle Ford is also rising too (hark, up 26 to 1,285). The ability to bring incremental volume to market as needed only further endorses expectations for an amply-supplied domestic market going forward.
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5) Finally, stat of the day comes from this article about Venezuela. Eighteen of PdVSA’s 31 oil tankers were out of commission at the end of March due to either being in disrepair, or needing to be cleaned. Vessels are crude-stained, and need to be cleaned before entering foreign ports.
To make up for the lost tankers, PdVSA is leasing more than 50 tankers, at a cost of up to $1 million a month per vessel. With the oil sector accounting for ~90 percent of Venezuela’s government revenues, it appears both its oil sector and broader economy are spiraling out of control.
By Matt Smith
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